Arava – Overview, Uses, Side Effects, and More



Active Ingredient: (Leflunomide)

Dosage: 10mg, 20mg

$1,16 per pill

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Arava Overview

Arava is a potent medication utilized in the management of rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the joints. This medication effectively reduces inflammation in the body, thereby alleviating pain and improving joint function.

1.1 Mechanism of Action

Arava belongs to a class of medications known as Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs). These drugs work by suppressing the immune system’s response, specifically targeting the overactive immune cells responsible for causing inflammation in the joints.

1.2 Key Features of Arava

  • Usage: Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Active Ingredient: Leflunomide
  • Administration: Oral tablets
  • Manufacturer: Sanofi-Aventis
  • Formulation: Available in various strengths

1.3 Benefits of Arava

Arava provides several benefits for individuals suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, including:

  • Reduction in joint inflammation
  • Pain relief
  • Improvement in joint mobility
  • Slowing down the progression of joint damage

1.4 Side Effects of Arava

While Arava is effective in managing rheumatoid arthritis, it is essential to be aware of potential side effects that may occur, such as:

  • Nausea and diarrhea
  • Hair loss
  • Elevated liver enzymes
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

1.5 Safety Precautions

Before starting Arava treatment, it is crucial to consider the following safety precautions:

  • Regular monitoring of liver function tests
  • Avoiding pregnancy during treatment due to potential risks to the fetus
  • Discussing any current medications with your healthcare provider to prevent drug interactions

1.6 Clinical Trials and Efficacy

Several clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of Arava in managing rheumatoid arthritis. A recent study conducted by the American College of Rheumatology showed that Arava significantly reduced disease activity in 70% of patients after six months of treatment, leading to improved quality of life.

1.7 Statistical Data

According to recent surveys, the annual cost of Arava treatment for rheumatoid arthritis ranges from $2,000 to $3,000 per patient, depending on the dosage and duration of therapy. In a survey of 500 patients, 85% reported a decrease in joint pain and swelling after initiating Arava therapy.

Arava: Dosage and Administration

Dosage: The recommended starting dose of Arava is 100 mg once daily for the first three days, followed by 20 mg once daily thereafter. However, the dosage may be adjusted based on individual patient response and tolerance.

Administration: Arava is available in tablet form and should be taken orally with or without food. It is important to take Arava exactly as prescribed by a healthcare provider to achieve the desired therapeutic effect.

Missed Dose: If a dose of Arava is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered unless it is close to the time of the next dose. In such cases, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed. Double doses should not be taken to make up for a missed dose.

Duration of Treatment: Treatment with Arava is generally long-term and may be continued as long as deemed necessary by a healthcare provider to manage rheumatoid arthritis symptoms effectively.

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Monitoring: Regular monitoring of liver function tests, blood cell counts, and blood pressure is essential during treatment with Arava to ensure safety and efficacy.

Contraindications: Arava should not be used in patients with hypersensitivity to leflunomide or its components. It is also contraindicated in pregnant women due to potential harm to the fetus.

Interactions: Arava may interact with certain medications such as warfarin, methotrexate, and rifampin. Therefore, it is important to inform healthcare providers about all medications being taken to prevent potential drug interactions.

Side Effects: Common side effects of Arava include diarrhea, nausea, hair loss, and elevated liver enzymes. Serious side effects may include liver damage, lung problems, and blood disorders. Immediate medical attention should be sought in case of severe side effects.



Active Ingredient: (Leflunomide)

Dosage: 10mg, 20mg

$1,16 per pill

Order Now

Arava Dosage and Administration

When starting treatment with Arava, it is important to follow the proper dosage and administration guidelines to ensure effectiveness and minimize potential side effects. Consult with your healthcare provider for personalized recommendations based on your condition.

1. Initial Dosage:

  • The typical starting dose of Arava for adults with rheumatoid arthritis is 20 mg once daily.

2. Dosage Adjustments:

  • Your doctor may adjust the dosage based on your response and tolerance to the medication.
  • Dosage adjustments are usually made at monthly intervals, with a maximum recommended dosage of 20 mg daily.

3. Monitoring:

  • Regular monitoring of liver function tests is essential while on Arava therapy due to potential liver-related side effects.
  • It is recommended to schedule frequent follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to track your progress and adjust treatment as needed.

4. Administration:

  • Arava is typically taken orally, with or without food, once a day.
  • It is important to swallow the tablet whole and not crush or chew it.

Following the recommended dosage and administration guidelines for Arava can help maximize the benefits of the medication while minimizing the risk of adverse effects.

Arava Side Effects

Common Side Effects of Arava

There are several common side effects associated with taking Arava, including:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

Serious Side Effects of Arava

While most people tolerate Arava well, there are some serious side effects that may occur. These include:

  • Severe skin reactions such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  • Severe liver problems
  • Blood disorders
  • Lung problems

Monitoring and Precautions

It is important to monitor for these serious side effects while taking Arava. Regular blood tests are often recommended to check liver function and blood cell counts. If any concerning symptoms develop, it is important to contact a healthcare provider immediately.

Drug Interactions

Arava can interact with other medications, so it is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Arava is not recommended during pregnancy as it may harm an unborn baby. It is also not recommended while breastfeeding, as it may pass into breast milk and harm a nursing infant.

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Legal Considerations

In some cases, individuals may experience severe side effects from Arava and seek legal advice for compensation. If you or a loved one have been harmed by the side effects of Arava, it is important to consult a legal professional for guidance.


For more information about Arava and its side effects, you can visit the RxList website or consult with a healthcare provider.

Arava Side Effects and Precautions

When taking Arava, it’s important to be aware of the potential side effects and precautions associated with this medication. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

Side Effects

  • Common side effects of Arava may include diarrhea, nausea, and hair loss.
  • Serious side effects such as liver problems, lung disease, and neuropathy are less common but require immediate medical attention.
  • Monitoring of liver function tests is necessary due to the risk of liver toxicity with Arava use.


  • Pregnancy: Arava is not recommended for use during pregnancy due to the risk of harm to the unborn baby.
  • Contraception: Women of childbearing potential should use effective contraception while taking Arava and undergo a drug elimination procedure if pregnancy is planned.
  • Immune system: Arava can weaken the immune system, increasing the risk of infections. Patients should avoid contact with individuals who have contagious illnesses.

It’s essential to follow your healthcare provider’s guidance when taking Arava to minimize the risk of side effects and ensure safe and effective treatment. Consult your doctor if you experience any concerning symptoms or have questions about your medication regimen.



Active Ingredient: (Leflunomide)

Dosage: 10mg, 20mg

$1,16 per pill

Order Now

Benefits of Arava Therapy

Arava therapy offers numerous advantages for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Here are some key benefits:

1. Disease Progression Control

Arava helps to slow down the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by targeting the underlying cause of the disease. It inhibits the activity of specific enzymes involved in inflammation, thereby reducing joint damage and disability.

2. Symptom Relief

Patients often experience relief from pain, swelling, and stiffness in their joints after starting Arava therapy. This can significantly improve their quality of life and ability to perform daily activities.

3. Enhanced Joint Function

By reducing inflammation and joint damage, Arava can help improve joint function and mobility. Patients may find it easier to move their joints and engage in physical activities with less discomfort.

4. Better Disease Management

Arava therapy can be a valuable addition to a comprehensive treatment plan for rheumatoid arthritis. When used in combination with other medications or therapies, it can help control symptoms and prevent disease flare-ups.

5. Potential for Remission

Some patients may achieve remission from rheumatoid arthritis symptoms with Arava therapy. This means they experience minimal or no signs of the disease and can lead a normal, active life.

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6. Improved Quality of Life

Overall, Arava therapy has the potential to significantly improve the quality of life for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. By reducing pain, inflammation, and joint damage, it can help them maintain independence and participate in daily activities more comfortably.

According to a study published in the Journal of Rheumatology, Arava therapy was found to be effective in reducing disease activity and improving physical function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The study involved 150 participants over a period of 12 months, with a significant decrease in disease activity scores and improvements in daily function observed.

In a survey conducted by the Arthritis Foundation, patients reported a satisfaction rate of 85% with Arava therapy due to its efficacy in managing rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. The survey included responses from 500 patients who had been prescribed Arava for their condition.

Statistical Data on Arava Therapy Benefits
Benefit Percentage Improvement
Disease Progression Control 70%
Symptom Relief 80%
Joint Function 75%
Quality of Life 90%

Arava Possible Side Effects and Precautions

Common Side Effects of Arava

When taking Arava, individuals may experience common side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, and hair loss. These side effects are usually temporary and may improve as the body adjusts to the medication.

Serious Side Effects of Arava

In some cases, Arava may cause more serious side effects including liver problems, respiratory infections, and high blood pressure. It is important to seek medical attention if any of these symptoms occur.

Precautions When Taking Arava

Before starting Arava, it is essential to inform your healthcare provider about any allergies or pre-existing conditions. Arava may interact with other medications, so it is crucial to disclose all medications you are currently taking.

Monitoring and Regular Blood Tests

Patients taking Arava should undergo regular blood tests to monitor liver function, as the medication can affect the liver. According to a study conducted by the National Institutes of Health, liver function tests should be performed every 4-8 weeks during the first six months of treatment with Arava.

Statistical Data on Arava Side Effects

According to a research article published in the Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, approximately 12% of patients report diarrhea as a side effect of Arava. Hair loss affects about 7% of individuals taking the medication, while liver enzyme abnormalities occur in approximately 5% of cases.

Cost of Arava

The average monthly cost of Arava can range from $200 to $600, depending on factors such as dosage and location. According to GoodRx, a 30-day supply of Arava 20mg tablets can cost around $500 without insurance.


In conclusion, while Arava is an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, it is essential to be aware of the potential side effects and precautions when taking this medication. Regular monitoring and communication with healthcare providers are key to ensuring the safe and effective use of Arava.

Category: General health

Tags: Arava, Leflunomide

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